For our first major project we have been given the task of re-branding and redesigning a charity to raise awareness and to get people to donate towards the charity’s cause through them.
For this I have chosen a charity named “Climate Concern”. So I began my research into climate change and global warming.
Climate change around the Earth had been an issue caused by and affected by humans for a long time however we only started recording and tracking changes in 1884. Compared with climate change patterns throughout Earth’s history, the rate of temperature rise since the Industrial Revolution is extremely high. Here is a short visualisation of the changes form 1884 to 2014:
Changes in the seasons caused by global warming (such as the UK spring starting earlier, autumn starting later) are bringing changes in the behaviour of species, for example, butterflies appearing earlier in the year and birds shifting their migration patterns.
In addition to this, the global sea level has risen by 19 cm since 1900 and is continuing to rise exponentially. Rainfall is also another system affected by climate change with spells of rain becoming more intensive, it has also been affected seasonally as well. For example, the UK’s summer rainfall is decreasing on average, while winter rainfall is increasing. The 2013-2014 UK winter flooding is a prime example of this.
Arctic sea-ice has been declining since the late 1970s, reducing by about 4%, or 0.6 million square kilometres (an area about the size of Madagascar) per decade. At the same time Antarctic sea-ice has increased, but at a slower rate of about 1.5% per decade. The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, which between them store the majority of the world’s fresh water, are both shrinking at an accelerating rate.
Many people think of the ice caps melting as the only issue when you mention climate change or global warming. However there are a plethora of problems caused by the change in the average temperature of the Earth here is a list of a few:
- Heat Waves
For a better idea of how much has actually changed check out:
And if you aren’t convinced it is happening check out: